According to the latest figures released in Kynetec’s AgriInsight China rice tracking study, over the last 10 years, the average planted area of rice per farm has seen an increase, while the number of large rice farms with more than 50 mu (3.3 ha) has also increased with CAGR of 4.5%.
Changes in the rice planting pattern
While transplanting remained the main planting method, the area of transplanted rice has decreased continuously from 84% of China’s total rice area in 2010 to 69% in 2019. The rice area transplanted by machine has seen a continuous increase with CAGR of 7.7% over the last 10 years, mainly driven by the labor saving and government encourage policy. For large rice farms with more than 50 mu (3.3 ha), the area transplanted by machine continued to increase, reaching 51% of the rice area in 2019.
Changes in the rice pesticide usage pattern
The total crop protection input per season on rice has increased continuously over the last 10 years with CAGR of 1.7%, reaching CNY828 per ha (USD119/ha) in 2019. The major spend was on insecticide; however, the proportion of insecticide relative to other sectors has decreased, mainly due to a decline in the number of applications.
The number of herbicide applications and herbicide product treatment cost have increased over the last 10 years, driving an increase in herbicide spend per season from CNY139 per ha (USD21/ha) in 2010 to CNY229 per ha (USD33/ha) in 2019.
Changes in the multinational companies
Over the last 10 years, the total product area treated by products from multinational companies (MNCs) has decreased with CAGR of -4.1% (similar CAGR with China’s rice total product area treated). While MNCs share of China’s total product area treated on rice has also varied across the years, this share was the highest in 2014, then decreased to 9% in 2019 (same as in 2010), mainly impacted by pest pressure changes, illegal active ingredients usage, the improving quality and increasing promotion of domestics.
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